Preventive maintenance is the detailed inspection of various parts of the machine to check for malfunctioning and weakening of components. Early investigations can resolve future problems and fixing them at the right time can prevent production problems. Doing so can improve the service life of the parts.
It often happens that when the machine breaks down, the belts are blamed, but sometimes it could be the bearings or other components that create problems. The possible issues associated with conveyor belts could be –
- Blocked rolls
- Broken bearings
- Damaged fabric
- Slipping of belts
All the industries must consider preventive maintenance when it comes to reducing the risk associated with breakdowns and machine damages. Care must be taken of even the slightest of the parts of a machine that includes bearings, pulleys, screws and conveyor belts.
Let us now discuss the preventive maintenance tips for conveyor belts and how to handle them properly-
Avoid Misuse of Conveyors-
Workers often become irresponsible while working with heavy equipment and they end up placing it on a lighter duty conveyor system that adds stress to the chains, wear straps, motor and reducers. Doing so can decrease the life of a conveyor system or result in a breakdown.
When repurposing conveyors, take into account its horsepower requirements and conveyor’s belt pull rating before increasing the workload.
Lubricate the Bearings Properly-
Conveyor belts can be affected by bearings that are not lubricated well. Bearings that are over lubricated or under lubricated create problems, so it is important to use the proper type of lubricant in the right composition to make it work smoothly. It is better to take guidelines from the manufacturer for proper maintenance and operation of bearings and belts.
Monitor Chain Tension-
Chain tension can affect the regular performance of the machine. It can occur due to premature replacement of conveyor belting or excess of wear and tear. To prevent it, conveyor belts with correct chain lengths must be used that needs to be lubricated sometimes. Regular inspections and monitoring chain for wear are must to assure high performance and longevity.
Proper Installation of System-
Improper installation of the system can cause operational issues and inadequate production. Poor installation can lead to misalignment in the belt, interference with other equipment and incorrect placement of other parts that can interfere with conveyor belt operation. All these problems can be avoided with proper installation of the conveyor system or machine.
Clean Conveyors Regularly-
To enhance the performance and longevity of your system, consider a comprehensive cleaning plan. Regular visual inspections can prevent issues from occurring that can lead to damages. Besides cleaning the conveyor, clean photoelectric controls and other electrical control components on the conveying line.
Initiate the process by making a checklist and distributing duties to personnel. Teach them cleaning techniques and handling of machines.
Parts of machines are costly and nobody can afford to change them again and again due to the negligence of workers. Therefore, buy products from a professional company who can provide with the best quality of machine parts.